How to Write a Research Paper in 11 Steps

Then, you present your opinions on the matter, accompanied with strong support from several academic and scientific sources. How many courses do you take throughout a single term? They all recommend you to start working on the paper as early as possible, since this is the kind of project that needs at least a month. Academic writing is one of the most popular homework assignments. Every student has to complete a research paper, lab report, case study, dissertation, critical paper and other essay writing tasks during their education.

The term paper makes a big portion of final grades and overall results. If you want to live your life without any worries about homework and papers, follow the tips on how to write certain papers and do homework faster. So how to create a high-quality term paper?

It is a complex task that has some peculiarities and requirements. In our article, we are going to provide you with great tips on how to create exciting text, use citation, complete conclusion, and other elements of term paper writing. What is a term paper? Every student should have a clear understanding of how to create a term paper to impress the best teachers and earn the grades you deserve. Good research begins with uncertainty. Often, for a report, the type of information is a broad question or topicsuch as what is the life-cycle of the octopus?

However, a great college research paper will typically ask a focused question, such as: what is the effect of increased levels of mercury on the life-cycle of the octopus along New England Coasts?

How to Write a Paper: 13 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow

This question remains open, and the student writer therefore will have to take a position on the topic that not everyone in the field would agree with. Research answers a specific question, usually narrowly defined.

The researcher allows for the fact that the answer might be something other than what first came to mind. This is the uncertainty necessary for good research.

Writing involves a process. Within the general process, research writing has its own steps that are typically followed. Remember, though, as with many complex processes, often you will return to a step you already did and either re-do it because of changes along the way, or do it again from another point in the research. It is not really linear. At whatever stage of your writing, WhiteSmoke can assist you.

It works with any program you are using, and can help you get just the right word at any point in your writing.

Use a thesaurus while taking notes or drafting. A dictionary will also be of use throughout your research. And once you start drafting, you how to do researh paper on genetically modified foods want to constantly check your grammar and spelling or to enhance your writing with word suggestions. Here are some steps to writing a research paper:.

Find an interesting question to research. The research will be more interesting this way, especially if the answer is of interest to you. Look through notes, readings, a few articles, and find where you're confused and don't want to becurious, frustrated, or where you otherwise stopped for a moment to think.

What question does this moment of thought suggest to you? What would you like to know? Consider other areas of your life where you have passions--outside of school, other courses you've taken, politics, hobbies, etc. For more information, here are some helpful resources to check out: How to research a paper. How to take notesHow to take better notesHow to take notes from a textbookHow to take notes on a book and How to take Cornell notes. Refine your thesis statement. After you've done the research, reflect back over the chosen topic.

At this point, it's essential to pinpoint the single, strong idea you'll be discussing, your assertion that you believe you can defend throughout the paper and that essay on spring season it clear to a reader what they're about to learn about and be given a sound conclusion on. Your thesis statement is the spine of your essay, the idea that you'll go on to defend in the paragraphs that follow.

Serve it up half-baked and the remainder of the paper is bound to be flavorless. Construct a thesis that your research has proven is interesting to you - that way, backing it up won't be such a bore.

Once you're satisfied that your topic is sound and clarified, proceed to writing your first draft. And nor does the thesis statement, necessarily. Allow room for flexibility as you continue working through both the research and the writing, as you may wish to make changes that align with the ideas forming in your mind and the discoveries you continue to unearth.

On the other hand, do be careful not to be a continuous seeker who never alights upon a single idea for fear of confinement. At some point you are going to have to say: "Enough is enough to make my point here! Develop an outline for the paper. Some people can work on a term paper skipping this step; they're a rare and often time-pressed breed. It is far better to have an outline sketched out so that you know where you're headed, just as a road map helps you to know where you're going from A to B.

Like the entire paper, the outline is not set in stone but subject to changes. However, it does give you a sense of structure and a framework to fall back on when you lose your way mid paper and it also serves as the skeleton of your paper, and the rest is just filling in the details. There are different approaches to developing an outline and you may even have your own personal, preferred method. Descriptive or explanatory paragraphs following the introduction, setting the background or theme.

Using your research, write out the main idea for each body paragraph. Any outstanding questions or points you're not yet sure about. See How to write an outline for more details. Make your point in the introduction. The introductory paragraph is challenging but avoid turning it into a hurdle. Of all the paper, this is the part often most likely to be rewritten as you continue working through the paper and experience changes of direction, flow and outcome.

As such, see it as simply a means of getting started and remind yourself that it's always revisable. This approach allows you the freedom to mess it up but rectify it as needed. Try using HIT as the means for getting your introduction underway: [7] H ook the reader using a question or a quote. Or perhaps relate a curious anecdote that will eventually make absolute sense to the reader in the context of the thesis. I ntroduce your how to do a paper.

Be succinct, clear and straightforward. T hesis statement. This should have been clarified already in the previous step. Don't forget to define the words contained in the question! Words like " globalization " have many differing meanings and it's important to state which ones you'll be using as part of your introductory section. Convince the reader with your body paragraphs. Make sure each paragraph supports your argument in a new way. Not sure your body's up to task? Try isolating the first sentence of each paragraph; together, they should read like a list of evidence that proves your thesis.

Try to relate the actual subject of the essay say, Plato's Symposium to a tangentially related issue you happen to know something about say, the growing trend of free-wheeling hookups in frat parties. Conclude with strength. O ne important detail which is usually found in your last paragraph.

C onclude - wrap it up. C lincher - where you give the reader something left to think about. Show some style. Moreover, the requirements for its design are quite high. However, if you know how to prepare term paper and correctly organize your work, writing a paper will be easy.

Skip to content. Share Facebook.

How to do term paper

Related Term Papers: How to write a term paper in literature How to organize term paper How long does a term paper have to be? Term paper. The best way of its writing.Following General Guidelines. Show 2 more Show less Tips and Warnings. Related Articles.

Article Summary. Sample Environmental Research Paper. Sample Essays Sample Othello Essay. Sample Ozymandias Essay. Sample Tess of the d'Urbervilles Essay. Part 1 of Review your assignment sheet and rubric. Your paper needs to fulfill your teacher's requirements, so make sure the topic you're planning to write about fits the assignment. Then, check that you're writing the correct type of paper and using the proper research materials.

You don't want to do all of the work to write a paper and find out you did it wrong. Think of your rubric as a checklist for your paper. Research your topic to find your thesis. Learn about your topic and try to form your own ideas about it, based on your research. Take notes as you find interesting points and follow what interests you. Shape your notes into a thesis about the topic.

Utilize the internet, books, and various academic databases to find solid primary and secondary sources.

How to do researh paper on genetically modified foods

If you've chosen a topic that isn't quite amounting up to what you thought it would, it's still early. Pick something else that you may find easier to write about. Brainstorm a thesis. This paper will present your ideas.

As you do your research, what questions do you find yourself asking? What patterns are you noticing? What are you own reactions and observations? Delve into yourself to find your thesis--the string that ties it all together [3]. A good thesis will succinctly express the main idea of your paper in one or two sentences.

It should also: Touch on all the points made in your paper Explain the significance of your argument Be logically sound Appear at the end of the introductory paragraph Here's an example: In his tale, the pardoner shows his hypocrisy by admitting he satisfies his own greed, committing the same sin he condemns, and attempting to sell his pardon's after the story.

Conduct additional research to back up your claims. In most cases, your first round of research won't be enough to write a great paper. You need to do specialized research to find sources that back up the claims you plan to make.

You'll be switching from a general search about your topic to a targeted search aimed at finding information that backs your own ideas. Check that your sources are reliable by making sure they're unbiased, finding the credentials of the writer, and verifying that the publisher is trusted. Part 3 of Determine that your source is unpublished.

First, make sure that your source is definitely considered unpublished.

How to Write High-Quality Papers and Essays More Quickly

Types of unpublished papers include: Print-only dissertations or theses. Articles or book chapters that are in press or have been recently prepared or submitted for publication. Papers that have been rejected for publication or were never intended for publication such as student research papers or unpublished conference papers. Indicate the status of papers that are in the process of publication.

Include the name of the author, the title of the paper, and a note regarding the status of the paper. What the well-dressed man is wearing.

Manuscript in preparation. Manuscript submitted for publication. For example: Wooster, B. Note the status of papers that were never intended for publication. In some cases, you may need to cite a paper that was never submitted or accepted for publication. In these situations, provide the name of the author, the date of writing or presentation, the title in italicsand the context of the paper i.

For example: [17] If the paper was written for a conference but never published, your citation should look like this: Riker, W. Traditional methods for the preparation of spiny lobe-fish. Describe in detail how you will conduct your research, including the kinds of sources you will use and the steps you will take to complete the research.

Include library research, interviews, surveys and any other methods you will use to gather information. Explain why you will use each of these methods and how it will contribute to your overall results. For example, adding interviews may help you get an expert's perspective on questions that interest you but have not been asked by other researchers.

Write a conclusion to your proposal that reiterates your reasons for doing the research and what you hope to achieve. Usually, the back of the printer has either a rear access door or a two-sided printing accessory.

Remember, as stated above, this step how to do a paper generally not recommended and should only be a last resort. If you have a laser printer, you may need to remove the toner cartridge before you can get full access to the paper. Once you've removed the jam, cleared away any remaining bits of paper, and ensured that the print carriage can move without issue, test your printer. Keep things interesting. As Donaldson conferred in ….

The role of age in creating this variability has not been adequately considered. Label the methods section.

How to do a character analysis paper

It should describe, in simple terms, the exact design of your research. Create subsections to describe the participants, materials, and procedures you used in your study. Do not use page breaks between these subsections or any other sections of your paper. Begin each paragraph on the next line. The goal of the methods section is to show other researches how to replicate the study, if they wanted to.

Share your results. Make sure to include statistics analyzing your study, if applicable. Refer to the APA manual or your specific field for precise information on how to format statistics. Make references to any supplementary materials you have in your paper charts, images, graphs, tables, etc. Tell readers the significance of your work in the discussion section.

Discuss things like whether or not your findings matched your hypothesis and your guess as to why. Make sure to acknowledge any limits to your study. You can also mention what other scholars might do next based on your findings. Part 3 of Tack on the references section.

If you accessed the paper online, you should add a direct URL so your readers can go directly to the paper as you found it. If the paper has a database number assigned to it, that can also help readers locate the paper more easily. Follow your instructor's guidance regarding in-text citations. Chicago and Turabian a simplified version of Chicago style style research papers may use either footnotes or parenthetical citations to cite references in the body how to do a reaction paper your paper.

Footnotes are essentially the same as the full citation, although the first and last names of the authors aren't inverted. For parenthetical citations, Chicago uses the Author-Date format.

For example: " Kringle and Frost Method 3 of Start with the authors of the paper. Invert the names of the authors so that you list their last names first, followed by their first names. Separate multiple authors with commas. Provide the title of the research paper. In MLA, enclose the title and subtitle in quotation marks. Capitalize most words, but not short articles or conjunctions unless they are the first word of the title or subtitle. Identify the paper's location.

MLA operates on the concept of containers. Your paper is part of a larger whole, which may be part of an even phd without thesis whole. In your citation, list the smallest container first, followed by the larger, all the way up to the largest. Your citation might be: "Kringle, Kris, and Frost, Jack.